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A Zanpakutō Spirit (斬魄刀の本体, Zanpakutō no Hontai; lit. "Soul-Cutter Sword's Substance")[1] is the spirit embodying a Shinigami's Zanpakutō that resides within their master's inner world.


A Zanpakutō Spirit is a part of their Shinigami's soul, and their appearance and abilities are a reflection of this; as such, they also share their master's resolve. They exist in tandem with their master; they are born alongside their Shinigami, and die with them.[2] A Zanpakutō Spirit's power is separate from that of their owner, and when a Shinigami draws on this power in addition to their own, their Zanpakutō will become even stronger.[3] They dwell within the inner worlds of their Shinigami masters.[4]


As unique reflections of their masters' souls, Zanpakutō Spirits do not share any common appearance traits.[5] However, a Zanpakutō Spirit's appearance reflects their name and the powers they grant their master.[2] Their appearance can change while their master has their Bankai activated,[6] can be temporarily altered when their master uses a Shin'eiyaku,[7] and varies drastically between spirits:

  • Zabimaru takes the form of a large, white-furred baboon with a snake for a tail.[10]
  • Hyōrinmaru takes the form of an enormous, serpentine ice dragon with large wings.[11]
  • Katen Kyōkotsu takes the form of two separate Human women, due to being a Dual Zanpakutō.[12]


Though a Zanpakutō Spirit's personality is also influenced by the soul of their master,[13] they possess their own thoughts, feelings, opinions, and desires, which may differ from their master's to varying degrees.[14][15][16][17] Additionally, Zanpakutō Spirits are unwilling to teach their masters new techniques, and will engage them in battle in order to determine whether or not they are worthy.[18] They can also determine if their master is worthy of wielding their power.[19][20] In some instances, a Zanpakutō Spirit's personality can influence how their master can use their Zanpakutō in battle:

  • Ruri'iro Kujaku's favorite color is azure, and its least favorite color is wisteria. Because of this, Yumichika Ayasegawa, who wishes to hide its true power from others, can release it as Fuji Kujaku (藤孔雀, Wisteria Peacock) instead of as Ruri'iro Kujaku (瑠璃色孔雀, Azure Peacock), causing it to sulk and only release a fraction of its full power by becoming a melee-type Shikai.[21]
  • Benihime is described as "not nice" by Kisuke Urahara, who mentions that she would refuse to hold back her power against Ichigo's Zangetsu.[23]
  • Initially, Zabimaru did not fully acknowledge Renji Abarai's power, so when he attained Bankai, Zabimaru gave him a drastically weakened version of his Bankai form called Hihiō Zabimaru (狒々王蛇尾丸, Baboon King Snake Tail). However, once Ichibē Hyōsube revealed the true name of his Bankai and Renji proved his strength to him, Zabimaru gave Renji access to his true Bankai, Sōō Zabimaru (双王蛇尾丸, Twin Kings Snake Tail).[25]


Ikkaku Madarame and Tōshirō Hitsugaya perform Jinzen.

Communication with one's Zanpakutō Spirit is essential for a Shinigami's growth.[2] The most common method of communication between a Shinigami and their Zanpakutō Spirit is called Jinzen (刃禅, Sword Meditation), where the Shinigami places their Zanpakutō nearby, enters a meditative state, and merges their mind with that of their Zanpakutō Spirit while entering their inner world.[26] Alternatively, a Shinigami proficient enough in communicating with their Zanpakutō Spirit can do so instantaneously and without any preparations.[2] However, a Zanpakutō Spirit can also pull their master into their inner world[27] or manifest itself in the real world in order to speak with their master.[28]

A lack of communication between a Shinigami and their Zanpakutō Spirit can lead to the power of both being weakened[29] and even prevent a Shinigami from releasing their Zanpakutō.[30] Communication can be lost or prevented for several reasons:

  • Kenpachi Zaraki never heard the voice of his Zanpakutō Spirit because of the mental power limiters he subconsciously placed on himself during his first battle with Retsu Unohana,[31] leading to the power of both him and his Zanpakutō being severely degraded.[32] Additionally, Kenpachi did not even attempt to communicate with his Zanpakutō Spirit because he believed Zanpakutō were simply tools of war that only weaklings fought alongside.[33]
  • Kōga Kuchiki's descent into madness led to the bond between him and Muramasa degrading over time, making it harder and harder for Muramasa to hear Kōga's voice and eventually preventing Kōga from releasing his Zanpakutō at all.[30] By openly renouncing his ties with Muramasa,[35] Kōga completely severed all bonds with his Zanpakutō spirit, making it impossible for Muramasa to hear his voice again when Kōga later called out for him.[36]

Zanpakutō Rebellion

Note: This event took place only in the anime and information concerning it does not constitute canon material.

During the Zanpakutō Rebellion, a Zanpakutō Spirit named Muramasa manifested dozens of other Zanpakutō Spirits into the real world, claiming he intended to end the tyranny of the Shinigami over them. This led to numerous changes in the appearances, personalities, and powers of the Zanpakutō Spirits who were manifested this way.[2]


Zabimaru's spirit form.

Zabimaru's manifested form.

The Zanpakutō Spirits' physical appearances were radically altered by this event. Those with animal-like spirit forms gained humanoid bodies in the real world, with Zabimaru manifesting as a fur-covered woman attached to a snake-like boy by a chain[37] and Hyōrinmaru manifesting as a green-haired man with a large scar on his face.[2] However, all of them still possessed appearance traits correlating to their name and powers, as well as their master's personality and appearance.[2] These changes left the Zanpakutō Spirits unrecognizable to most of their masters, requiring the Shinigami to attain confirmation by having their Zanpakutō Spirit reveal their name,[37][38][39] witnessing their powers first-hand,[4][37][40] or performing a test of some sort to confirm their identity,[38] although some Shinigami determined a Zanpakutō Spirit's identity from simply looking at them.[41][42] The reason for these physical changes is unknown; Gegetsuburi blames Marechiyo Ōmaeda's physical appearance for his manifestation's large amount of body fat,[38] but Suzumebachi claims she chose her manifested appearance because she did not like Suì-Fēng's "lame style".[43]


Most of the Zanpakutō Spirits underwent a drastic change in personality upon manifestation because of the influence of Muramasa's brainwashing; they became destructive,[2] merciless,[37] arrogant,[41] cruel,[44] short-tempered,[38] vain,[40] and sadistic.[45] However, some Zanpakutō Spirits did not gain these traits; Hyōrinmaru pursued his own goals and only fought others to determine whether or not they were his master,[40][45] and Hisagomaru remained timid and gentle, though confused by his separation from Hanatarō Yamada.[46] Additionally, all of the Zanpakutō Spirits shared certain personality traits and fighting styles with their masters.[38][40][41][47]

Most of the Zanpakutō Spirits manifested by Muramasa did not like an aspect of their master or had a goal of their own, which Muramasa exploited in order to brainwash them:

  • Suzumebachi left Suì-Fēng because she hated Suì-Fēng's devotion to Yoruichi Shihōin and inability to pay attention to herself.[43]
  • Gegetsuburi left Marechiyo because he detested Marechiyo's appearance and braggart personality.[38]
  • Tobiume left Momo Hinamori because she wished to become stronger and did not want to stay with someone who was as weak as Momo was.[40]
  • Zabimaru left Renji because he had grown tired of Renji's weakness and wished to become stronger on his own.[44]
  • Katen Kyōkotsu left Shunsui because they could not stand his arrogance.[39]
  • Ruri'iro Kujaku left Yumichika because he detested Yumichika hiding his true power for the sake of remaining in the 11th Division.[43]
  • Zangetsu left Ichigo in order to determine who was stronger between the two of them.[49]

After being defeated by their masters or having their brainwashing reversed by Mayuri Kurotsuchi, the Zanpakutō Spirits regained their original personalities, removing any animosity they held toward their masters.[49][50] However, Zanpakutō Spirits who had killed their masters after manifesting lost their minds and became known as the Tōjū.[51]

Powers & Abilities

Sode no Shirayuki manifests her Shikai.

The manifested Zanpakutō Spirits had the ability to manifest and release their sealed Zanpakutō form at any time, though some only summoned their Shikai instead of their sealed state.[2][52][50] However, a few Zanpakutō Spirits used weapons other than their Zanpakutō forms in battle:

  • Gonryōmaru wielded a long pike.[4]
  • Suzumebachi wielded a large stinger on her right arm that possessed the same power as her Shikai form did.[43]
  • Tobiume used two large bells connected by a long sash to throw fireballs at her opponents.[2]

Tenken generates fire.

Additionally, some Zanpakutō Spirits displayed the ability to manipulate an element that their Zanpakutō form could not:

  • Tenken possessed the ability to generate fire along his weapons.[2]
  • Sōgyo no Kotowari could use their fans to fire bolts of lightning.[53]

Hyōrinmaru uses Sennen Hyōrō with his Zanpakutō form still sealed.

As the embodiment of their sword form's power, the manifested Zanpakutō Spirits possessed absolute control over their own power, in some cases displaying greater proficiency at using their techniques than their masters did:

  • Hyōrinmaru could use techniques of his Bankai form with his Zanpakutō form still sealed.[40]

Effects of Manifestation

Ikkaku fails to release his Shikai.

The manifested Zanpakutō Spirits leaving their swords had a dramatic impact on the Shinigami. At first, they simply could not communicate with their Zanpakutō, but within a day of the manifestation, no one could release their Shikai.[2] This left many Shinigami unprepared to fight without the aid of their Zanpakutō's special abilities,[4] and forced them to develop new fighting styles in order to compensate for this loss.[49][52] Though Shinigami could regain access to their Shikai upon strengthening their resolve,[44] they remained unable to activate their Bankai until they defeated their Zanpakutō Spirit in combat.[49]


  1. Bleach manga; Chapter 127, page 5
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 Bleach anime; Episode 230
  3. Bleach manga; Chapter 111, pages 8-9
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Bleach anime; Episode 231
  5. Bleach Official Character Book MASKED, page 68
  6. Bleach manga; Chapter 409, pages 9-10
  7. Bleach manga; Chapter 553, page 14
  8. Bleach manga; Chapter 110, page 18
  9. Bleach manga; Chapter 540, page 13
  10. Bleach manga; Chapter 118, page 2
  11. Bleach manga; Chapter -16, pages 16-17
  12. Bleach manga; Chapter 649
  13. Bleach manga; Chapter 229, page 19
  14. Bleach manga; Chapter 112, pages 2-4
  15. Bleach manga; Chapter 118, pages 3-4
  16. Bleach manga; Chapter 409, pages 18-19
  17. Bleach anime; Episode 236, next episode preview
  18. Bleach manga; Chapter 409, pages 13-14
  19. Bleach manga; Chapter 110, pages 10-11
  20. Bleach manga; Chapter 110, page 19
  21. Bleach manga; Chapter 322, pages 4-5
  22. Bleach manga; Chapter 374, page 5
  23. Bleach manga; Chapter 66
  24. Bleach manga; Chapter 205
  25. Bleach manga; Chapter 564, pages 5-11
  26. Bleach manga; Chapter 408, page 3
  27. Bleach manga; Chapter 110, pages 10-13
  28. Bleach manga; Chapter 118, pages 1-5
  29. Bleach manga; Chapter 113, pages 7-8
  30. 30.0 30.1 Bleach anime; Episode 251
  31. Bleach manga; Chapter 525, pages 9-13
  32. Bleach manga; Chapter 113, page 8
  33. Bleach manga; Chapter 113, page 12
  34. Bleach manga; Chapter 497, pages 3-4
  35. Bleach anime; Episode 252
  36. Bleach anime; Episode 253
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 Bleach anime; Episode 234
  38. 38.0 38.1 38.2 38.3 38.4 38.5 Bleach anime; Episode 237
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 39.4 Bleach anime; Episode 246
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 40.5 Bleach anime; Episode 238
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 Bleach anime; Episode 242
  42. Bleach anime; Episode 248
  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 43.4 Bleach anime; Episode 243
  44. 44.0 44.1 44.2 44.3 Bleach anime; Episode 235
  45. 45.0 45.1 Bleach anime; Episode 239
  46. Bleach anime; Episode 259
  47. Bleach anime; Episode 244
  48. 48.0 48.1 Bleach anime; Episode 232
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.4 Bleach anime; Episode 236
  50. 50.0 50.1 Bleach anime; Episode 254
  51. Bleach anime; Episode 256
  52. 52.0 52.1 Bleach anime; Episode 241
  53. 53.0 53.1 Bleach anime; Episode 247